How To Stretch Hamstrings To Up Flexibility and Prevent Injury

Your decrease again has been aching for weeks now, however regardless of how a lot you therapeutic massage or stretch these muscle mass alongside your backbone, the ache will not go away. This may be as a result of the issue is not truly your again in any respect: Whereas there are a selection of issues that may trigger again ache, one which’s straightforward to miss is tight hamstrings.

Sure, your legs could possibly be the responsible celebration. To learn the way to inform if that is so, and how one can stretch hamstrings successfully whether it is, we spoke with Katya Campbell, an authorized motion and mobility specialist, yoga trainer, CrossFit coach, and the health director at Mountain Trek Well being Reset Retreat in British Columbia.

How are you aware in case your hamstrings are tight sufficient to trigger again ache?

Low again ache can crop up when your hamstrings are so tight that they pull your pelvis out of alignment, which may pressure the deep again muscle mass. However earlier than blaming your hammies outright, it is useful to find out in the event that they’re tight sufficient to be the wrongdoer. There are a couple of fundamental assessments you are able to do to check your vary of movement, says Campbell.

The best might be the passive ahead fold. To do that, stand upright along with your ft collectively (ideally with no sneakers on) then hinge out of your hips and attain down to the touch your toes or as near your toes as attainable.

In case you are inside two inches from reaching the ground, Campbell says that you’ve “average flexibility,” however something greater up might point out extreme tightness in your hamstrings.

Nevertheless, this evaluation has some limitations. Specifically, if in case you have lengthy arms, it’ll naturally make it simpler to succeed in the bottom (and people with shorter arms may have a tougher time). Additionally, Campbell factors out that this doesn’t check every leg individually. That’s why she additionally recommends the energetic straight leg increase check.

To do that one, lie on the ground with each legs straight out on the bottom. Preserve one leg flat on the ground and lift the other leg into the air, conserving each knees as straight as attainable. As you carry your leg, have a look at how far the heel is developing in the direction of the ceiling. Campbell says that ideally, your heel ought to have the ability to come in keeping with or past the other knee. “It is a nice indicator of hamstring flexibility, and we will see if one leg has larger limitations than the opposite, which is pretty widespread,” she says.

What causes very tight hamstrings?

Generally, chronically tight hamstrings are merely one thing you’re born with. “Genetics do play a job in hamstring size and we will not argue our means out of that one, however there are different components as properly,” suggests Campbell. “Extended sitting, inadequate stretching after train, damage, and restricted motion can all contribute to shortened hamstrings.”

Campbell factors out that there’s a distinction between brief, stiff, and tight muscle mass, although we are inclined to colloquially describe all of those as feeling “tight.” The nuanced distinctions between every of those conditions can have an effect on what’s happening in your physique to create this sensation.

In case your hamstrings are brief

“Brief muscle mass (the least widespread) are sometimes as a result of an damage that has precipitated a major lack of motion at finish vary for a chronic time period,” says Campbell. “For instance, an individual is in a solid or a brace. This has precipitated the muscle to progressively adapt to this new shortened place.”

In case your hamstrings are stiff

Campbell says {that a} stiff muscle outcomes from lack of motion, typically from sitting in a automotive or at a desk, or from overuse as a result of laborious exercises with eccentric workouts or repetitive actions.

In case your hamstrings are tight

“A good muscle can typically really feel extra like bone than muscle. They’re these thick, ropey muscle mass that you may stretch repeatedly however are frequently tight,” describes Campbell. “These typically accompany an damage or a poor recruitment sample the place the physique has primarily overused the muscle (inflicting it to be extra hypertonic and thus ropey and bony feeling) quite than utilizing a extra purposeful motion sample.”

What are the dangers of not stretching your hamstrings?

Finally, whether or not your hamstrings are stiff, brief, or tight, Campbell says that one of many greatest issues is potential damage. In spite of everything, we’ve got ultimate ranges of movement for the hamstrings, which we’ve got developed over time for protected actions. When one thing compromises this vary of movement, accidents can happen.

“If our muscle mass lack these skills, it could possibly take one thing small, like tripping over our children’ Lego, to probably tear a muscle as a result of its lack of ability to increase and contract,” warns Campbell.

However it would not essentially take a Lego incident to trigger issues. Overly tight hamstrings “may also add undue pressure on different components of our physique that have to compensate for this lack of motion,” she says. “An ideal instance of that is decrease again ache, which is commonly seen on account of tight hamstrings.”

Tips on how to stretch hamstrings successfully

The important thing to releasing tight hamstrings is to include quite a lot of stretching workouts into your common routine, says Campbell. Even a devoted 10-minute stretch session could make a significant distinction in the event you select the correct mix of strikes and know how one can stretch hamstrings the fitting means.

“I prefer to mix energetic (dynamic) and passive stretching, in order that the muscle has the flexibility to be in a lengthened place in all eventualities,” says Campbell. “Usually, we would have average passive flexibility (such because the standing ahead fold), however once we make it extra energetic, we see larger limitations.”

Campbell shares a couple of of the perfect hamstring stretches:

Reclined single-leg hamstring stretch

  1. Lie in your again with a strap or belt beside you.
  2. Bend each knees and plant your ft on the ground hip-width aside.
  3. Lengthen one leg up above the hip and hook the strap/belt over your midfoot. Attempt to keep a impartial backbone.
  4. Gently straighten the leg.
  5. On an exhale, slowly straighten the other leg onto the ground. If that is an excessive amount of, preserve it bent.
  6. Breath deeply and keep this for 5 deep breaths.
  7. Repeat on the opposite aspect.

Swinging leg touches

  1. Stand upright with one hand on a chair for stability, if wanted.
  2. Shift your weight onto one leg and permit the other leg to swing as if it is a pendulum, forwards and backwards from in entrance of you, to behind you. Be certain that to maintain your chest tall as you do that.
  3. Because the leg loosens up, slowly enhance the vary of movement of your swing.
  4. If attainable and you’ve got the stability, as you swing the leg out in entrance, take the hand on the other aspect and attain it to the touch in the direction of your toes of the leg that’s swinging because it comes up in entrance of your physique. Keep away from rounding your again to make the contact.
  5. Preserve swinging and kicking to the hand 10 instances, then change sides.

Field cling

  1. Step up onto a secure field or stair.
  2. Place your toes on the entrance edge along with your ft hip-width aside.
  3. Hinge at your hips (not rounding your again) and permit your physique to hold in order that your arms drape all the way down to the toes. In case you are versatile or wish to problem your flexibility extra, maintain mild dumbbells in your palms to deepen the stretch.
  4. Maintain for 20 to 30 seconds.
  5. Interact your core and glutes to slowly stand again up.

Counteracting tight hamstrings isn’t nearly doing leg stretches, nonetheless. When your hamstrings are chronically tight, different muscle mass—like these deep again muscle mass—can tighten up as properly.

“Usually, the decrease again turns into tight, because the hamstrings pull the pelvis again,” explains Campbell. “Engaged on lengthening the erectors (the lengthy muscle mass alongside the spinal column) might be actually useful, as can foam rolling this space.”

Right here’s how one can stretch hamstrings for again ache and hit these spinal muscle mass within the course of with this seated hamstring stretch:

Seated supported ahead folds

  1. Sit on a folded blanket or agency pillow with the legs stretched out in entrance.
  2. Place a agency pillow underneath the knees.
  3. Hinge from the hips, considering of rolling ahead onto the sting of the sitting bones as you attain the palms alongside the legs in the direction of the ft.
  4. Maintain for one minute, respiration deeply. Then launch.

On the lookout for extra leg stretches? Do that decrease physique mobility routine: 

Is there something you are able to do moreover stretching to assist loosen up tight hamstrings?

Stretching isn’t the end-all-be-all relating to loosening up tight hamstrings. You would possibly surprise, Will therapeutic massage loosen hamstrings? Definitely. “Therapeutic massage is an excellent approach to enhance blood circulation, soften connective tissue, and restore wholesome vary of movement,” says Campbell, who notably recommends Thai therapeutic massage for this goal.

Self-myofascial launch strategies like foam rolling and ball rolling may also be extremely efficient, she provides. Campbell says she loves an train she calls the “hammy smash roll” with a lacrosse ball or comparable small, agency ball:

  1. Sit on a agency floor with legs overhanging, like a chair.
  2. Place the ball behind one thigh, nestled into the tissue of the hamstrings.
  3. Relaxation the load of the leg onto the ball in the event you can deal with it.
  4. Slowly prolong the leg out, mashing the ball into the tissue as you elongate the muscle alongside that strain level.
  5. Do this a number of instances, and preserve relocating the ball to completely different areas to seek out out the place the gnarly spots are. Be certain that to breathe all through all the course of to assist chill out your tissues.
  6. Change legs.

How lengthy does it take to loosen tight hamstrings?

Finally, the reason for your tight hamstrings will have an effect on how a lot time it takes to resolve the difficulty.

“If it is because of damage, the secret is gradual and regular, and it could possibly take a number of months to revive full vary of movement,” says Campbell. “If the tissue is stiff as a result of train (post-workout soreness and pressure), often a day or two and getting blood circulation will loosen issues up. If the muscle mass are tight and inflexible, it may be one thing that may require common upkeep to maintain issues agile.”

So, be affected person. With constant observe, you may work your approach to feeling limber and agile—and pain-free—once more.


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